Autoimmune Diseases – what is it and how to treat it?
Humans are multicellular organisms and thus our body structure is very complex. Our body has many organs and system which ensure the proper functioning of the body and keep us alive. You all know about the immune system and about its functions. This system is the protector of our body and does all the work in order to get rid of the intruder. But there are many diseases related to our immune system and one of them is autoimmune diseases. I know this term is new to many people and because of this information is provided in this content.
What are autoimmune diseases?
Autoimmune disease is related to the immune system of our body. It is kind of reaction in which immune system attack on the tissue of the own body. The immune system consists of antibodies which become active when an intruder enters in our body like a virus or any kind of infection but in an autoimmune disorder , these antibodies attack the healthy tissues of one’s body. In this way, one’s healthy tissues get injured and body gets harmed.
Which parts of the body are affected by this disease?
Well, it affects almost each and every part of the body like nerve system, brain, lungs, kidney, joints, skin, muscles etc. Talking about its signs then it can be a normal pain or soreness in any body part. Also, if you suffer from swelling without any reason then it might be the sign of an autoimmune disorder. Also, one should feel these sign in the body parts which are affected by this disease like you get pain in the joints if the diseases affect your joints.
This disease even affects the skin as one will get skin related problems like acne, vitiligo, eczema etc. Besides this, one will get rashes, or change in skin color also. Besides this, this disease often leads to another disease like diabetes and often leads to organ failures are thyroid problems. In small words, it can lead to many problems in the body and in some cases it is life threatening.
What are the causes of this disease?
Autoimmune disease is not a common thing as very less number of people is affected by it. Besides this, here are the causes of it:
- Genetics is the main cause of this disease as it is discovered by the scientist that it passes through the ancestors to their off-spring. In this case, it is very hard to avoid it and there are always chances that it will run in the family for long.
- Virus and bacteria are another reason for this disease. Also, this can be the side effect of any drug like birth control pills or Accutane.
- Chemical irritations and environmental factors also lead this disease.
Taking about the treatment, then it is not curable but can be controlled with a balanced diet and good lifestyle. If someone will diagnose with this disease then there are ways through which they can keep it in control plus medical professional will help you in this.